This is a survey of philosophical thinking in India from antiquity to the mid-eighties of this century, which proceeds in the following sequence :

(a)    elucidation of the classical conceptions of philosophy and the views of the Indian thinkers on the problems of philosophical diversity; (b) brief sketches of the rise and development of the philosophical ideas of various Hindu, Jains, Lokayata and Buddhist schools and systems from the earliest period till the eighteenth century A.D.; (c)  short account of philosophical insight and ideas in the religio-philosophical literature of Indian languages, including those of Sikh Gurus and the Shaikhs and Ulemas of India; (d) summaries of select modern Indian thinkers - Hindu and non-Hindu, academic and non-academic- ending with characterization and classification of modern Indian philosophy; (e discussion of the present philosophical situation in India; (f) an attempt to focus on the problems of professional philosophers, rectification of Indian philosophy and ideological autonomy; and (g)  an analysis and examination of the issue involved in philosophical teaching and research.

In the discussion of Buddhism more space is devoted to Early Buddhist schools and the Mahayana Sutras, and in that of Hindu schools to Sabdadvaita and Isvaradvayavada. The appendix to chapter two provides a critique of the histories of Indian philosophy, while modern philosophical writings in Indian languages are dealt with in the appendix to chapter 4.

It is quite a comprehensive monograph on the traditions, teaching and research in philosophy in India, based on the authors thinking and experience in this field for about four decades, initially inspired by an UNESCO request.

Professor K.S. Murty (b.1924) taught philosophy for thirty-five years; lectured in several universities of the East and the West; and was visiting  professor in India and abroad He was General President of Akhila Bharatiya Darsan Parishad in 1963, and of Indian Philosophical Congress in 1968, and has been chairman of the latter since 1980. Currently he is honorary Professor of Andhra University, Waltair, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and People's University of China, Beijing; Tibetan Studies, Sarnath; and member, Committee Director, Federation Internationale Des Societes De Philosophie.

Professor Murty is a recipient of the Dr. B.C. Roy National Award, and the Padma Bhushan from the President of India. A number of Indian Universities have conferred on him the honorary degrees of D. Litt., Vachaspati and Kalaprapurna. He is an honorary D. Phil. of the Soviet Academy of sciences and the university Halle-Wittenberg of Germany; and an honorary Dr. Sc. of Sofia University, Bulgaria. Sri Sringeri-Sarada-Pitha conferred on him the title of Vidyasagara.